Friday, September 28, 2007
By any name, these fascinating insects are formidable predators. They have triangular heads poised on a long "neck," or elongated thorax. Mantis can turn their heads 180 degrees to scan their surroundings with two large compound eyes and three other simple eyes located between them.
Friday, August 17, 2007
Being a carnivorous insect, the mantis feeds primarily on other insects. However, it is not uncommon for larger mantis to consume small reptiles and even small mammals or birds.
To capture their prey, mantids use their camouflage to blend in with the surroundings and wait for the prey to be within striking distance. They then use their raptorial front legs to quickly snatch the victim and devour it.
When releasing mantids into the garden it is best to hatch oothecae (plural for ootheca, egg case) When placing oothecae into the garden they should be placed in partial shade. Areas frequented by ants or small predatory wasps should be avoided. Predatory wasps deposit eggs into mantis ootecae. Some gardeners find it best to hatch mantids indoors then release them outdoors at night 24 hours or so after the hatch is complete. Some people claim that mantids are not efficient as beneficial insects. This will depend on the number of mantids released, how often they are released, positioning of the ootheca when there is human intervention and under what conditions the oothecae are hatched.
Gardeners will often search for oothecae and carefully move them while still connected to their holding structure and place them in the refrigerator to prevent premature hatching. The ootheca will keep the unborn nymphs alive in the refrigerator until the spring arrives and they are ready to hatch. This allows for the mantis nymphs to be born in the garden and spend their lives protecting the plants from insects that may harm the vegetation. Hundreds of thousands of dollars per year are spent by gardening enthusiasts who find the release of mantids to be effective.
Acanthops falcata - Venezuelan Dead Leaf mantis
Acanthops fuscifolia - Tropical Dead Leaf
Acanthops tuberculata - Tropical Dead Leaf
Acromantis sp. - Boxer mantis
Alalomantis muta - Cameroon mantis
Asiadodis squilla - Asian shield mantis
Blepharopsis mendica - Thistle mantis
Brunneria subaptera - Stick mantis
Brunneria borealis - Stick mantis
Choeradodis rhombicollis - Tropical shield mantis
Choeradodis stalii - Tropical shield mantis
Creobroter meleagris - Flower mantis
Creobroter gemmatus - Indian flower mantis
Creobroter pictipennis - Indian flower mantis
Creobroter elongata - Flower mantis
Deroplatys angustata - Dead Leaf mantis
Deroplatys desiccata - Dead Leaf mantis
Deroplatys lobata - Dead Leaf mantis
Deroplatys truncata - Dead Leaf mantis
Eremiaphila brunneri - Common desert mantis
Euchomenella heteroptera - Twig mantis
Gongylus gongylodes - Indian rose/Violin mantis
Gonatista grisea - Grizzled mantis
Hierodula membranacea - Giant Asian mantis
Hierodula grandis - Giant Indian mantis
Hierodula patellifera - Indo-Pacific mantis
Hierodula parviceps - Philippine mantis
Holaptilon pusillulum - Jumpy mantis
Hymenopus coronatus - Orchid mantis
Idolomantis diabolica - Devil's Flower mantis
Iris oratoria - Mediterranean mantis
Liturgusa lichenalis - Lichen mantis
Mantis religiosa - European mantis
Miomantis caffra - South African mantis
Miomantis paykullii - Egyptian mantis
Miomantis abyssinica - Egyptian mantis
Odontomantis sp. - Ant mantis
Oligonicella scudderi - Scudder's mantis
Orthodera novaezealandiae - New Zealand mantis
Otomantis sp. - Boxer mantis
Oxyopsis gracilis - Peruvian mantis
Oxyopsis peruviana - Peruvian mantis
Parasphendale agrionina - Bud-winged mantis
Parasphendale affinis - African banded mantis
Paratoxodera cornicollis - Giant Malaysian stick mantis
Phyllocrania paradoxa - Ghost mantis
Popa spurca - twig mantis
Pseudocreobotra ocellata - Spiny flower mantis
Pseudocreobotra wahlbergii - Spiny flower mantis
Pseudovates arizonae - Arizona unicorn mantis
Rhombodera basalis - Giant Malaysian shield mantis
Rhombodera extensicollis - Giant shield mantis
Rhombodera megaera - Giant shield mantis
Rivetina baetica - Ground mantis
Stagmomantis californica- California mantis
Stagmomantis Carolina - Carolina mantis
Stagmomantis limbata - Bordered mantis
Stagmomantis floridensis - Florida mantis
Theopropus elegans - Elegant mantis
Taumantis sigiana - Lime-green mantis
Tenodera angustipennis - Narrow-winged mantis
Tenodera aridifolia sinensis - Chinese mantis
Toxodera denticulata - Giant Malaysian stick mantis
Yersiniops sophronicum - Yersin's ground mantis
Yersiniops solitarium - Horned ground mantis
Tuesday, July 31, 2007
Try to vary the food given as much as possible, too much of the same food (mainly crickets) can make the mantis weak. Any uneaten food should be taken out of the container due to the mantis being venerable while sheading. This also includes any half-eaten dead insects, as mould can form on these.
Saturday, July 28, 2007
The colour can vary from greens, browns and creams. When adult, they can measure upto a whacking 100 - 110 mm in size (dependent on the sex - girls are bigger than boys). They are a heavily built Mantis, strong enough to rip apart and eat fully grown Locuts. Looking very similar to the Giant Asian and Giant Indian Mantis, this is a great large species to keep.
The Giant Asian Praying Mantis is a large typical looking praying mantis from Asia
A classic looking praying Mantis .Colours vary from green to yellow-green or brown to reddish-brown. Measure roughly 80 - 90mm in size when adult this again makes them a large specie to own. Due to their size, they are heavily built and look similar to the Giant Indian and Giant Malaysian Mantis.
East-South Asia. Living in hot and humid climates they can be maintained with a temperature of 22 - 30C (71.6 - 86F), with the humidity in the region of 60 - 70%. If this is not quite right, don't panic! - they'll be fine.
Thursday, July 26, 2007
A twisted leaf protrudes from the head and on the prothorax (neck) it is flattened with pointed triangular extensions on each side. The walking legs have broken leaf shaped lobes attached and the abdomen also has extensions on either side. Veins run through the wings when adult, making them able to camouflage even better! The colours range from an almost black to a light tan. The males are easily recognised compared to the females, due to their long antennae, almost transparent wings and olive colour.
These are a long-lived Mantis, shedding their skin like other species aprox. every 3-5 weeks until the 4th shed. From here on they eat infrequently and the last shed before adult hood can take aprox. 2 months.
The Egyptian Praying Mantis is a small, slender species of praying mantis from Egypt. They range in colour from straw to green
This is a small, slender Mantis, measuring 35 - 40mm in length. The females are slightly bigger and heavier in build, where as the males can be 5mm longer in length, but are both still very dainty. Mimicking grass stems in the wild, they range from straw like colours going through to light greens.
Depending on the species they range from Africa, Egypt and Tanzania. Needing slightly hot and dry conditions, this is a hardy specimen. Having a temperature in the region of 22 - 35 (71.6 - 95F), this is slightly warmer then room temperature. Keep the humidity level in the region of 60 - 70%, this should suit the Mantis
If you disturb them, they will gently rock as if they have been caught in the breeze. And if they feel threatened, they will throw them selves to the ground, lying motionless on the floor.
Monday, July 16, 2007
The Bud Wing Praying Mantis is a medium praying mantis from kenya with small bud wings.
When females turn adult you can really see why we call them Bud Wing Praying Mantids, the wings only cover part of the females abdomen. Females can grow to 70mm in length, the males are very small at 30mm. Adult Males wings covers and passes the abdomen, which makes it an excellent flier.
Their colour is a mixture of browns and grays with the very rare occasion of a green type! They have large pink coloured beady eyes - excellent for hunting prey.
When threatened, they open and stretch out there arms to show a bright colour of orange/yellow. Wings are opened on the adults to appear larger then they are, showing a dark colour of black/red.